Dental implants are artificial tooth roots, somewhat similar to the screws. When they are placed into the bone they bond and fuse with the jawbone. Thus they support the artificial crown and bridge and work as strongly as your natural teeth.
Mostly the implant treatment is divided into three parts, viz., First surgery, when the implants are inserted into the bone, second surgery is done after 3-4 months which is a minor surgery just to expose the outer part of the implant where the abutment i.e. an artificial base over which the crown will be placed. Third step will be prosthetic procedure when your artificial tooth will be fixed to the implant body.
Implants have been introduced in dentistry in the year 1960; today the implants have been used as a first treatment of choice for replacement of teeth. Modern dental implants have 100% success rate as the manufacturers are introducing the newer implants with advanced technology. They are the strongest devices available to support replacement teeth – and even better, they allow these new teeth to feel, look and function naturally.
Dental implant surgery is one of the safest and most predictable procedures in dentistry but it is very technique sensitive and requires to be done by an experienced implantologist with an expertise in the field.
Dental implants are the only dental restoration option that preserves natural bone, actually helping to stimulate bone growth.
Are you the right person to get implant treatment done?
Yes, you are if you –
- Have one or more teeth missing in your mouth
- If you have no teeth present but you have good amount of bone present in your mouth
- If you have problems or deficiencies in your mouth you should be willing to go for required procedures that can make it a successful treatment.
- If your overall health is good eg. If you are diabetic, your sugar levels are under control.
- You are tired of using your removable dentures and they are nomore fitting into your mouth.
- Want to change your looks and wish to improve the speech
- You are a non smoker or an occasional smoker
The Treatment Planning & Procedure
The treatment planning for the dental implants involve lots of preparations. The implantologist who plans the implant placement for you need to be certified for doing the procedure. The dental clinic should be following the scrupulous protocol of sterilization and disinfection and having a separate OT (operation theatre) or at least an isolated room for doing the surgical procedures.
Comprehensive intraoral and extraoral examination is mandatory where all your teeth will be checked an treated first for other problems if any. You will be advised some dental X-rays and/or CBCT (3D imaging), your dentition photographs and impressions to make the study have models.
- Thorough medical history is required for easy going procedures. In presence of any other advanced health issue the surgery will not be done unless the primary health issues other than dental implant surgery get solved. You must innumerate all the health issues, signs and symptoms even if they are minor in your view should be told clearly to the doctor. If you have any issues the doctor may prescribe medication or refer you to the physician and reattend you after your health is good enough to start the dental implant procedure.
- All the pathological tests of primary interest are suggested to you so that your doctor can find out that you are fit to undergo the surgery or no.
- One hour before the surgery you will be advised to take your medicines that are prescribed to you. The surgery is mainly done under the local anaesthesia and you need not be empty stomach like how it is required for General anaesthesia. To place the implants your dentist will prepare a space for the implant to be inserted inside the bone. ou are totally aware of things going on in OT as you are witnessing the procedure in your full sense. The surgery time depends on how long the procedure is.
- After the surgery you will be asked to continue the medication that will take care of your pain and inflammation. You will be recalled after a week’s time for removing the stitches if given any and further as per the requirement.
- After 3-6 months the prosthetic procedure will start to restore the missing tooth/teeth.