Paediatric dentistry is for children under the age 13 years. A paediatric dentist treats all the problems that occur in a child’s teeth. Children can not keep their teeth clean and keep eating whole day and fail to rinse their mouth every after meal. You need to teach your child to take care of his or her teeth so that they get less problems. You must make regular dental visits starting by your child’s first birthday, this can help them establish good habits.
Children start getting their first set of teeth at the age of 6-7 months. We call them ‘ Milk teeth’, in medical language we call them , Deciduous teeth’. When the teeth start erupting in your child’s mouth at the age when the babies start learning their life skills and recognizing things. Tooth eruption is a painful process because the teeth create way through the bone and the gums and thus the child gets lots of discomfort, this is termed as ‘teething’. You need to be very careful during this time as the child wants to put fingers or any object in mouth and tries to rub over the gums due to the irritability. Many a times because they put unsterilized and unclean objects in mouth, they get gastric irritation and loose motions. The gums become tender and swollen. Gently rubbing their gums with a clean finger, or a moist gauze pad can be soothing. A clean teether for your child to chew on may also help. Look for teethers made of solid rubber.
The replacement of primary teeth begins around age six, when the permanent teeth start to appear in the mouth, resulting in mixed dentition. … The process of shedding primary teeth and their replacement by permanent teeth is called exfoliation. The last permanent erupting in mouth is canine, after that only all the teeth automatically get aligned in the arch. In cases where they don’t get aligned on their own, you have to take your child for the orthodontic correction of teeth.
Children may develop tooth decay (cavities) in their baby teeth and require cement fillings. Because mostly the teeth are to be fallen down the teeth can be filld with cements like glass ionomer. Your doctor will decide what filling your child requires to restore the toth’s health. Sometimes if the decay exposes the tooth pulp then the tooth might require root canal treatment to save it till its permanent succedaneous tooth is ready to erupt. Because, if the deciduous tooth is removed before the permanent tooth is ready to come in oral cavity, it might erupt in abnormal position. Deciduous teeth actually provide a path to the permanent teeth for their eruption and alignment in the arch.
Regular visits to the dentist may save you from the painful situations your child might go through.